The only thing SRT, if that bullet would have moved 1" further into the barrel, you would have been able to chamber the next round. Hearing no report, or seeing no hole in the target, and then ejecting a case with no bullet,THAT should have been the warning flag. One would normally not try to chamber a new round. The correct sequence would be to check the barrel at that point. That is how we learn. Luckily and most of the time, the bullet lodges in the throat, preventing a new chambering...but if it was a softer bullet, or had a few grains of powder, you would have damaged your barrel.