yes. rifle cans refer to .223, 308/300 win mag, 338 lapua and 50bmg. pistol refers to 9,40,45 etc. the cans are rated to that specific cartridge PSI/CUP rating. 308 can only generate X amount of pressure safely regardless if its on a pistol or rifle.
that being said more unburnt powder out of short barrels will wear a can down faster. 556 SBR cans are usually built a bit tougher to handle the powder hitting the baffles. some companies say not to use a barrel shorter than x length because it tears the can up.
.22 'pistol' cans are usually just shorter than 'rifle' cans. weight/length vs suppression situation.
and if its not confusing enough, subsonic 300 blk/wisper can be shot from a 9mm can
be aware that 357/38 use .357 diameter bullets. 9mm uses .355. those 2 thou can mean a baffle strike
The right to bear arms is WAY less ludicrous than the right to arm bears!
What he said ^^, also a lot of the higher end PISTOL cans have a built in recoil booster/Nielson device which is a small piston. This is for use on semi auto handguns.
If you try to put a pistol suppressor with one of these pistons onto a fixed non tilting rifle/carbine barrel you run the risk you can have a baffle strike.
But yea as was stated above, the rifle cans are built way tougher than the pistol ones. Also .22LR aside, you really don't have to worry about cleaning the rifle cans (as the higher pressure rifle rounds pretty much blow all the crap out) and so they are often single piece welded tubes and cores whereas with the vast majority of the pistol cans they are designed to be disassembled for periodic cleaning.