46camper: Sir; for all. Learning the compass values requires some thoughtful study. https://americanhiking.org/resources/how-to-use-a-compass/ The most important piece of gear to help you find your way. Compass Basics A compass is one of the most basic navigation tools any hiker can own. It needs no batteries, works with any map, and even works without a map! While entire books have been written about navigating with a compass, every new compass user needs to know the basic concepts. The first thing to realize when looking at your compass is that the floating needle is magnetized and the red end is always pointing towards magnetic north. No matter which way you turn the compass, the red needle stays fixed on magnetic north.