OK, for all of you that want to post refinishing processes here feel free, but I ask processes only, I want to put this as a Sticky. Heres what I did, its easy to do and not too expensive. First you get all you need, heres what I got: Dawn Power Dissolver (DPD in the article) MinWax Red Mahogany Stain Bulls Eye Shellac 180, 220, 440 and 1200 grit sandpaper 0000 Steel Wool Several 3/4" Brushes for Various uses First you completely dissassemble your Mosin so that no metal parts remain on the gun (Endcaps are an exception, as they are **** near impossible to remove and get back on). Then, what I did, I took the Mosin outside and strung it up by the sling cutouts, it work great if you find a horizontal branch. Cover the endcaps with tape so they dont get hit with the DPD Spray the stock with the DPD, rub the DPD into the stock with the brush so you get an even coat, allow 15-20 minutes for the alkaline dissolvers in the DPD. Use rubber gloves, I didnt and my hands didnt look to nice after. After the alloted time, spray off the stock with a high powered hose, but make SURE the water is warm, otherwise it isnt too effective. Repeat as needed, usually 3-4 times, more if needed, especially if the stock is drowned in cosmoline. Allow the stock to dry for at the absolute minimum 36 hours, otherwise it will critically affect the outcome of the stock, ie:air bubbles and water seeping under the finish. After the 36 hour minimum you can sand off whats left of the finish, if any and any divets in the stock, be careful during this step if you like you cartouches, the square Ukrainian refurb mark will usually survive, but others, only burned into the finish will not. Begin applying the stain, my recommendations; take an old sock knot up one end and use that to apply the stain, it allows for the most even finish you can get. As a general rule with MinWax Stains 1 coat will generally give you a dark deep red finish, the more you apply the darker it gets. Buff the finish with the 0000 steel wool to dull the shine a little if you want. Allow 24 hours to let the stain fully set in. After 24 hours, or if you applied multiple stains however long it takes, begin applying your finish. Some people use polyurethane, or TungOil, I used Shellac. Use one of the brushes to completely cover the stock in Shellac. After you are done, rinse off the brush with a full raw blast of DPD, it really works for this too. Use the steel wool to dull the finish alittle if you want or just let it shine, the good thing about Bullseye Shellac, you only have to separate the coats by one hour as its fast drying. Let the finish, set up overnight and then reassemble the rifle, and there you have it, you have refinished your Mosin. Please remember,post refinishing processes here but I ask processes only.