THE CONSTITUTION & FIREARMS QUOTES FROM THE FOUNDING FATHERS REGARDING GUNS: "A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution. "And that the said Constitution be never construed to authorize Congress...to prevent the people of the United States, who are peaceable citizens, from keeping their own arms..." Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, August 20, l789 "To preserve liberty it is essential that the whole body of the people always possess arms and be taught alike, especially when young, how to use them..." RICHARD HENRY LEE writing in Letters from the Federal Farmer to the Republic (1787-1788) "A militia; when properly formed, are in fact the people themselves...and include all men capable of bearing arms." RICHARD HENRY (LIGHT HORSE HARRY), LEE, Additional Letters from the Federal Farmer (1788) at 169. "A free people ought...to be armed...." GEORGE WASHINGTON Speech of January 7, l790 in the Boston Independent Chronicle, January 14, l790 "On every question of construction (of the Constitution) let us carry ourselves back to the time when the Constitution was adopted, recollect the spirit manifested in the debates, and instead of trying what meaning may be squeezed out of the text, or invented against it, conform to the probable one in which it was passed." THOMAS JEFFERSON, letter to William Johnson, June 12, 1823, The Complete Jefferson, p322 "And what country can preserve its liberties, if its rulers are not warned from time to time, that this people preserve the spirit of resistance? Let them take arms... The tree of Liberty must be refreshed from time to time, with the blood of patriots and tyrants." THOMAS JEFFERSON, letter to William S. Smith,1787, in S. Padover (Ed.), Jefferson, On Democracy (1939), p. 20. "No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms. The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government." THOMAS JEFFERSON Proposal for a Virginia Constitution, June 1776. 1 T. Jefferson Papers, 334 (C.J. Boyd, Ed. 1950) "Laws that forbid the carrying of arms...disarm only those who are neither inclined nor determined to commit crimes... Such laws make things worse for the assaulted and better for the assailants; they serve rather to encourage than to prevent homicides, for an unarmed man may be attacked with greater confidence than an armed man." THOMAS JEFFERSON: Thomas Jefferson's "Commonplace Book," 1774-1776, quoting from On Crimes and Punishment, by criminologist Cesare Beccaria, 1764 "A strong body makes the mind strong. As to the species of exercises, I advise the gun. While this gives moderate exercise to the body, it gives boldness, enterprise and independence to the mind. Games played with the ball and others of that nature, are too violent for the body and stamp no character on the mind. Let your gun therefore be the constant companion of your walks." THOMAS JEFFERSON, Encyclopedia of T. Jefferson, 318 (Foley, Ed., 1967). "The best we can hope for concerning the people at large is that they be properly armed." ALEXANDER HAMILTON, of New York, The Federalist Papers at 184-8 "If circumstances should at any time oblige the government to form an army of any magnitude, that army can never be formidable to the liberties of the people while there is a large body of citizens, little if at all inferior to them in discipline and the use of arms, who stand ready to defend their rights and those of their fellow citizens." ALEXANDER HAMILTON of New York, The Federalist, No. 29 "The right of the people to keep and bear arms has been recognized by the General Government; but the best security of that right after all is, the military spirit, that taste for martial exercises, which has always distinguished the free citizens of these States...Such men form the best barrier to the liberties of America." Gazette of the United States, October 14, l789 "The whole of the Bill of Rights is a declaration of the right of the people at large or considered as individuals...It establishes some rights of the individual as unalienable and which consequently, no majority has a right to deprive them of." ALBERT GALLATIN of the New York Historical Society, October 7, l789 "The people are not to be disarmed of their weapons. They are left in full possession of them." ZACHARIA JOHNSON, 3 Elliot, Debates at 646. "The Constitution shall never be construed...to prevent the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own arms."SAMUAL ADAMS, Debates & Proceedings in the Convention of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1786-87 "The said Constitution [shall] be never construed to authorize Congress to infringe the just liberty of the press, or the rights of conscience; or to prevent the people of the United States, who are peaceable citizens, from keeping their own arms." SAMUEL ADAMS of Massachusetts, Massachusetts' U.S. Constitution ratification convention, 1788 "The right of the people to keep and bear...arms shall not be infringed. A well regulated militia, composed of the people, trained to arms is the best and most natural defense of a free country..." JAMES MADISON, 1 Annals of Congress 434 (June 8, 1789). "Besides the advantage of being armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation... Notwithstanding the military establishments in the several kingdoms of Europe, which are carried as far as the public resources will bear, the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms." JAMES MADISON, of Virginia, Federalist Papers, #46. "Arms in the hands of citizens [may] be used at individual discretion...in private self-defense..." JOHN ADAMS, A Defense of the Constitutions of the Government of the USA, 471 (1788) "As civil rulers, not having their duty to the people duly before them, may attempt to tyrannize, and as the military forces which must be occasionally raised to defend our country, might pervert their power to the injury of their fellow citizens, the people are confirmed by the article in their right to keep and bear their private arms." TENCH COXE in "Remarks on the First Part of the Amendments to the Federal Constitution." (Under the pseudonym), "A Pennsylvanian" in the Philadelphia Federal Gazette, June 18, 1789. at 2 col.1 "Congress has no power to disarm the militia. Their swords, and every other terrible implement of the soldier, are the birth-right of an American... The unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people. TENCH COXE of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Gazette, Feb. 20, 1788. "The militia, who are in fact the effective part of the people at large, will render many troops quite unnecessary. They will form a powerful check upon the regular troops, and will generally be sufficient to over-awe them." TENCH COXE of Pennsylvania, An American Citizen, Oct. 21, 1787 "Who are the militia? Are they not ourselves? Congress has no power to disarm the militia. Their swords and every other terrible implement of the soldier, are the birthright of an American....The unlimited power of the sword is not in the hands of either the federal or state governments, but, where I trust in God it will ever remain, in the hands of the people." TENCH COXE of Pennsylvania The Pennsylvania Gazette, Feb. 20, 1788 I Would Like to add another Quote Here "Any Man or Woman Who would try and Limit any Peacable, Law Abiding Citizen From Owning or Carrying a Gun Is in Direct Violation of the Constitution Of the United States and Should be tried for TREASON and if found Guilty, Punished in the manner called for by LAW for that Crime"